I can't take credit for all of the techniques described below as much of this tutorial is a combination of ideas gathered from several sources, in particular this YouTube Video by the Terrain Guy on RHQ-TV (the tutorial starts at 3:40 into the video). However I have tried to experiment with different materials and techniques as much as possible to come up with what I think is the simplest and quickest method for making Smoke and Flame markers.
- 3/4" washers & Nuts - Used as a heavy base
- Thick wire or pipe cleaners - To form an armature
- Wire Clippers - To cut wire armatures
- Clump Foliage - The 'smoke' itself
- Superglue - Lots of it
- Acetone or Acetone based Nail Varnish Remover to unstick glued fingers!
- Cocktail Sticks - To stand model on when gluing
- Black spray paint for smoke
- Red/Yellow Paint for flames
Warning! What I'm about to suggest is probably extremely hazardous and ill advised, but bare with me. Put the clump foliage covered model on a couple of sticks (cocktail sticks are fine) laid over an old dish of some kind to catch drips. Then soak the whole model in cheep superglue! The glue will set hard in a few minutes and results in a tough and durable model. However... the glue sets with an exothermic reaction (it produces heat) and gives off noxious fumes. Needless to say this stage is best done in a very well ventilated area! Some tutorials I have read suggest soaking the model in watered down PVA but I found this didn't produce as hard a finish as I wanted. Also the soaked model takes ages to dry out whereas my method means you're ready to start painting in a few minutes... assuming of course you haven't passed out from the fumes!